Origin and Growth of the Hindi Language

Languages are the cornerstones of any thriving culture and the Hindi language is no different. Hindi happens to be the third most spoken language in the entire world, with an estimated 500 million speakers across the globe. Hindi belongs to the Indian culture and is commonly used all throughout South Asia.

This magnificent language stems from Hindustani, which was a type of language that was widely used in and around Delhi in the 9th and 10th centuries. It was later named Hindvi, meaning the language of Hind, which is the land of the Indus River. Much later on it was established as a national language, which it is known as today (Hindi and English are the two national languages of India as recognized by the Constitution). When the British came and ruled during the Colonial period, the British army actually used it to communicate with government officials.

In the 19th Century it changed from Hindvi, being split into both Hindi and Urdu. One comes from a Sanskrit background and the other comes from a Persian one. These two languages are still split to this day, with Hindi being spoken widely in India and Urdu being spoken in Pakistan. In fact, the two languages are very similar only largely differing in script, with Urdu more closely associated with Arabic. Thus, Hindi speakers trying to learn Urdu and vice versa don’t find the task too difficult, as many words are used interchangeably in the two languages; the hardest part comes to the script.

Hindi is not just a language but also a lens into Indian culture. Its soft-sounds define Indian poetry and really echo the country’s vibrant society. In the grand scheme of languages it is relatively young, mainly in terms of how old India really is. Many people are striving to learn Hindi language because India is growing more socially and politically powerful, and as it continues to grow into a global superpower role India will only continue to become a land of opportunity.